5 Tips To Grow High CBD Marijuana Strains
Cannabinol (or CBD for short) is one of the naturally occurring chemical compounds found within the cannabis plant. Unlike the other major component within the plant, tetrahydrocannabinol (or THC), CBD is known to possess many health benefits, but without the psychoactive effects. And it works by communicating with the cells within the nervous system and the brain.
Because of its non-intoxicating nature and the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill that removed the ban on the production of marijuana, the global cannabinol market is enjoying a sharp spike. It is poised to experience a 22.2% CAGR over the next few years.
The market for CBD is rapidly growing and vendors are coming up with products containing high-quality CBD strains. Currently, you can find various CBD infused products on the market. Big companies are selling products such as CBD oil, CBD balms, CBD edibles, and more than three different kinds of CBD gummies. If you are a cannabis farmer, this might be the right opportunity for you to grow high-quality CBD strains.
High CBD marijuana strains could potentially help treat various mental conditions, such as depression, anxiety, PTSD and stress.
The following are the points that you should keep in mind if you are looking to grow high CBD marijuana strains.
Place a Focus on Genetics
The fact is, to grow a marijuana plant with a high CBD strain, it is essential to choose a strain that has the genetic capacity to do so. For example, if you are working with a strain like Sweet and Sour Widow that has a 1:1 ratio of CBD to THC, you cannot expect to get the same efficacy as Valentine X that has a 25:1 CBD: THC ratio.
When attempting to grow marijuana, it is essential to note that cannabis grown from the seed can have a wide range of phenotypes, except it is a clone. This means that two or more seeds from the same plant can end up having a different genetic markup than the original plant. Today there is an incredible variety of feminized cannabis seeds that one can try out.
Apart from making use of clones of high CBD producing strains, it is essential to talk to your breeders about the offspring that could originate from their strains. After all, it would be a waste of time to expend all that time and money only to end up with a plant that has a higher concentration of THC over CBD.
Test as early as possible:
If you cannot get your hands on a clone and you choose to try growing a seed, ensure you get your plants tested when they are still young. For most people, the plants should be at least 3-4 weeks old before testing. This will allow you to identify the plants rich in CBD way before they begin to sprout flowers.
To perform this test, all you need to do is collect a couple of the plant's nodes as a sample and dry them out. Subsequently, you will need to submit them to a lab for testing.
If you are not able to get your plants tested, the next option is to wait until they reach the flowering stage. At this point, the most precise way to check them is to consume a bit and observe your reaction. If you feel a noticeable high, your plant most definitely has a very high level of THC.
Choosing the time to harvest your strain can have a massive impact on the level of cannabinoid that will be in your product. Selecting the perfect harvest time can be done using a variety of methods, but the best option is to consider the trichomes of your plant.
To do this, you can use a magnifying glass to examine your plant. Strains with high THC concentration usually have trichomes that change from translucent to milky, while for CBD, there is a difference of opinion. Because of the lack of official information on this, the general idea here is that CBD reaches its peak earlier than THC, it is essential to harvest before the trichomes become completely milky.
But the most important thing to remember is that these rules are not fixed. Ordinarily, harvest times differ per strain or general growing conditions. As you increase the experience you have with growing CBD strains, you begin to have a better understanding of their ideal harvest times.
Keep an eye on the environment
Like it or not, a plant cannot be coaxed into producing more CBD than it is genetically capable of doing. However, you can manipulate it into creating the maximum amount of CBD possible. According to a 2011 study done by a group of researchers with a sample size spanning over six years on the growth of industrial marijuana, they found out that there are specific conditions essential for the growth of CBD-rich plants.
The general environmental guidelines for growing high CBD strains are:
- Ensure the temperatures remain between 72 – 85º F
- The soil needs to be at least 2in down and warm enough to stimulate growth
- Provide the plant with less water than your average plant
Protect your strain against pests and diseases
Like all plants, your marijuana strain can also be attacked by pests and fall a victim of diseases. These diseases and pests can hider plant growth and could eventually limit the efficacy of the strains. Hence, it's crucial to monitor the plants through their growth and take preventive measures to deal with pests and diseases.
Examples of common diseases include tobacco mosaic virus, yellow leaf spot while an example of pests is broad mites, spider mites, and whiteflies.
Finally, when growing high CBD strains, it is vital to take note of the strain most likely to provide you with a hearty dose of CBD over THC. Once that is done, you can continue to use strains of the said sample instead of seeds to prevent guesswork in the future.