CBD from cannabis plants is one of the most researched cannabinoids on the planet, but there are 112 other cannabinoids that we are aware of in cannabis. There are other cannabinoids in other plant species as well. CBD only occurs in cannabis, but what about the other cannabinoids in cannabis? What do those do? Research is finding out and it is exciting.
We know that CBD Is capable of doing a lot of things. CBD, prior to 2015, was only researched by itself. The impact of CBD On things like seizures and stroke where looked at rather exclusively without taking into account the other cannabinoids that may have been in the CBD oils being extracted from cannabis plants. Eventually those cannabinoids would be taken into consideration and they are all being studied now.
For example, we know that CBD comes from a precursor compound, CBDA. When CBDA is heated, it becomes CBD. The A is dropped because it is an acid and the heating causes deoxylcarbolation. This can happen through the means of smoking marijuana or in the process of extraction if heat is used, or it can even happen naturally from enough sunlight.
That is one example of another compound in which CBD has its roots. CBDA can’t bind with receptors in the endocannabinoid system (ECS) because it is too large of a molecule, but once the acid atom is dropped, it fits the receptors perfectly and can have a greater impact on the ECS of the human body more directly.
That doesn’t mean that a molecule that is too large doesn’t impact the body though. They can antagonize the ECS into producing more endocannabinoids that the body typically makes on its own. Anandamide is a human-made cannabinoid that the body makes and was discovered in 1992. This was a groundbreaking find. The body produces its own cannabinoids! Then why would it not be perfectly natural to consume cannabinoids from plants and how would they impact the body?
Full Spectrum CBD
Full spectrum CBD oil, also known as “whole plant CBD”, contains all of the other cannabinoids that are present in that plant. Each batch of CBD oil will vary as each plant may be slightly different and therefore, batches of CBD oil are all tested separately and third party testing is all done. This ensures that THC levels are below the required .03% to be sold. The tests will also show how much of the other cannabinoids are present.
Research is finding that sometimes CBD has a great impact on certain things when it is working, as a team, with other cannabinoids. This has been dubbed the entourage effect and it is quite amazing. Researchers are now studying each single cannabinoid and working to manipulate the growth of strains of hemp and marijuana that can have more of beneficial compounds for specific needs.
Sometimes the presence of the other cannabinoids can slow the metabolism of CBD, giving a longer effect. This is extremely beneficial for pain, for example.
Research is still ongoing and will be for many years, no doubt, but this is very exciting data and hopefully will lead to better combinations and methods of relieving pain and inflammation for specific chronic conditions.